Children and Youth
AB 403 - Implementation Requirements for trauma-informed core services and training for short-term residential therapeutic programs and Foster Family Agencies
AB 114: EDUCATIONALLY-RELATED MH SERVICES (ERMHS) Assembly Bill (AB) 114 changed the process by which students in Special Education receive mental health services. Previously, under AB 3632, county mental health departments provided services. However, realignment under AB 114 requires all California school districts to be solely responsible for ensuring that students with disabilities, as designated by their Individualized Educational Plan (IEP), receive the mental health services necessary to benefit from a special education program.
Students with IEPs who demonstrate behavioral health issues that impact their ability to learn and access the school curriculum are eligible for AB 114.
Services must be included in the IEP and can include: individual counseling, parent counseling, social work services, psychological services, and residential treatment. Any service agreed upon by the student’s IEP team as necessary for the student to receive a free and appropriate public education may be considered a related service and covered by AB 114 funds.
There are three primary ways districts are meeting the AB 114 requirement:
Funding Process: Funding is distributed from the California Department of Education directly to Special Education Local Plan Areas (SELPAs) based on the average daily attendance of all pupils in the SELPA (regardless of how many pupils have an IEP or disability). SELPAs then determine how to allocate dollars to the individual districts and schools.
Additional Information: Assembly Bill 114 Special Education Transition: Click to learn more.
Resources & Reports
Best Practices in Student Mental Health
"Why Schools Hold the Promise for Adolescent Mental Health" CA School Board Association, May 2019 Report includes:
Trauma-Informed Care for Children and Families
Regional K-12 Demonstration Programs, CalMHSA
"Headspace" Youth-Led Prevention and Wellness, Leveraging MHSA Funding to Coordinate Mental Health Care, July 2018 (page 8)
Triple P Parenting Program, An Evidence-based practice (used in Mendocino County with blended funding.)
Integration leads to Co-Location and Coordination (in Yolo County) - Leveraging MHSA Funding to Coordinate Mental Health Care, July 2018 (page 10-11)
2016 School-Based MHSA Prevention and Early Intervention Programs, CA Behavioral Health Directors Association
PREP: A PEI Funded Psychosis Early Intervention Treatment Program, 2016 - In Alameda, Monterey, San Mateo & San Francisco Counties.
Supportive Outreach & Access to Resources (SOAR) - Napa and Solano Counties
Programs Servicing Children & Youth Displaying Emotional Disturbance as a result of Trauma, MHSA/UCLA (2014)
Medi-Cal Coverage for Early and Periodic Screening Diagnostic Treatment Services (EPSDT)
Teen Depression, Brochures & Fact Sheets, National Institute for Mental Health
Integration & Collaboration to meet the needs of children, youth and families, re: Katie A v. Bonta & CA AB403., Ca HHSA, 1-12-16
Continuum of Care Reform (CCR) Toolkit - CCR is an initiative to drastically change policy and practice in California's foster care system. (formerly "Katie A")
Partnering to Serve the Mental Health Needs of Children in Child Welfare, CIBHS Training
From Best Practices to Breakthrough Impacts - A science-based approach to building a more promising future for young children and families, Harvard University Center on the Developing Child, 2016
The Science of Neglect: The Persistent Absence of Responsive Care Disrupts the Developing Brain, Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University (2012). Working Paper No. 12. www.developingchild.harvard.edu
Want to improve kids' mental health? Start at School, Minn Post, 2-22-17
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and Prevention Efforts, (SAMHSA) (March 2016)
Race, Ethnicity Affect Kids’ Access To Mental Health Care, Study Finds, California Healthline (8-22-16)
Trauma-informed Mental Health Care in CA: California Mental Health Planning Council Study (2015)
Three of four California children with mental health needs don't get treatment, UCLA (7-28-14)
State launches $50M program for school-based mental health, August 2019
Enhancing Services for Students: California Local Education Agency Medi-Cal Reinvestments, CA School-Based Health Alliance
Treatment for psychosis—and other mental illness—differs drastically by county, Cal Matters June 2019
California's Mental Health System is Failing Kids and Needs Major Change, Coalition Says, CA Health Report, November 2018
For Low-Income Children, Access to Mental Health Care Varies Sharply by County, CA Health Report, August 2018
Few Low-Income Children Get Mental Health Care in California, Despite Need, CA Health Report, July, 2018
Teen Suicide is Soaring [in the U.S.], USA Today, March 2018
Contra Costa Youth Suffer from Shortage of Psychiatrists KQED, August, 2017
TAU study links cannabis use in adolescence to schizophrenia, Tel Aviv University, August, 2017
County approves contract for teen inpatient unit, Palo Alto Weekly, 2-13-17